Dataset: Climate Commons OPeNDAP Server/California Basin Characterization Model Downscaled Climate and Hydrology (Optimization Test)/California Basin Characterization Model Downscaled Climate and Hydrology Historical Water Year 30 Year Detrended Standard Deviation
Summary: The California Basin Characterization Model (CA-BCM 2014) dataset provides historical and projected climate and hydrologic surfaces for the region that encompasses the state of California and all the streams that flow into it (California hydrologic region ). The CA-BCM 2014 applies a monthly regional water-balance model to simulate hydrologic responses to climate at the spatial resolution of a 270-m grid. The model has been calibrated using a total of 159 relatively unimpaired watersheds for the California region. The historical data is based on 800m PRISM data spatially downscaled to 270 m using the gradient-inverse distance squared approach (GIDS), and the projected climate surfaces include five CMIP-3 (GFDL, PCM, MIROC3_2, CSIRO, GISS_AOM) and nine CMIP-5 (MIROC5, MIROC , GISS, MRI, MPI, CCSM4, IPSL, CNRM, FGOALS) General Circulation Models under a range of emission scenarios or representative concentration pathways (RCPs) for a total of 18 futures that have been statistically downscaled using BCSD to 800 m and further downscaled using GIDS to 270 m for model application. The BCM approach uses a regional water balance model based on this high resolution precipitation and temperature as well as elevation, geology, and soils to produce surfaces for the following variables: precipitation, air temperature, April 1st snowpack, recharge, runoff, potential evapotranspiration (PET), actual evapotranspiration, and climatic water deficit, a parameter that is calculated as PET minus actual evapotranspiration. The following data are available online: 30-year summary time periods: Historic: 1921-1950, 1951-1980, 1981-2010 Projected: 2010-2039, 2040-2069, 2070-2099. Projected data is available for the following GCM and emission scenario or RCP combinations: GFDL-B1, GFDL-A2 PCM-B1, PCM-A2 MIROC3_2-A2 CSIRO-A1B GISS_AOM-A1B, MIROC5-RCP2.6, MIROC-RCP4.5, MIROC-RCP6.0, MIROC-RCP8.5 GISS-RCP2.6, MRI-RCP2.6, MPI- RCP4.5, CCSM4-RCP8.5, IPSL-RCP8.5, CNRM-RCP8.5, FGOALS-RCP8.5. Data variables: Actual evapotranspiration - water available between wilting point and field capacity, mm (aet); Climatic water deficit - Potential minus actual evapotranspiration, mm (cwd); Maximum monthly temperature, degrees C - (tmx); Minimum monthly temperature, degrees C - (tmn); Potential evapotranspiration - Water that could evaporate or transpire from plants if available, mm (pet); Recharge - Amount of water that penetrates below the root zone, mm (rch); Runoff - Amount of water that becomes stream flow, mm (run); April 1 snowpack - Snow water equivalent in March (marpck); Precipitation, mm - (ppt). All variables are available as 30-year summaries for water year and month-of-year. Also available: Tmx and ppt for June-July-Aug (jja), Tmn and ppt for Dec-Jan-Feb (djf), Ppt for March-April-May (mam), Ppt for Sept-Oct-Nov (son).
Reference: Flint, L. E., A. L. Flint, J. H. Thorne, and R. Boynton. 2013. Fine-scale hydrologic modeling for regional landscape applications: the California Basin Characterization Model development and performance. Ecological Processes 2:25 (http://climate.calcommons.org/bib/fine-scale-hydrologic-modeling-regional-landscape-applications-california-basin-characterization)
Reference: About the 2014 Basin Characterization Model Dataset, California Climate Commons, http://climate.calcommons.org/article/about-2014-basin-characterization-model-dataset